Quick Answer: What Are Common Names For Bacteria?

How do you name bacteria?

Naming rules The current nomenclature for bacterial species requires a capital letter for the genus name and an epithet beginning by a lowercase letter for the species name [7].

Genera and epithet should be Latin or Latinized; the specific epithet is an adjective that must agree with the gender of the generic name [7]..

What are 4 types of bacteria?

Bacteria are classified into five groups according to their basic shapes: spherical (cocci), rod (bacilli), spiral (spirilla), comma (vibrios) or corkscrew (spirochaetes). They can exist as single cells, in pairs, chains or clusters.

What is the most common form of bacteria?

While it is true that you will not find a surface without bacteria on it, the majority of bacteria that you’ll find are common, non-dangerous species. Studies have shown that of the bacteria found in indoor air, the most common four are: Micrococcus, Staphylococcus, Bacillus, and Pseudomonas.

What are examples of bad bacteria?

10 most dangerous antibiotic-resistant bacteriaPseudomonas aeruginosa.Clostridium difficile. … Klebsiella pneumoniae. First Documented: 1886. … Escherichia coli (E. coli) … Acinetobacter baumannii. First Documented: 1911. … Mycobacterium tuberculosis. First Documented: 1882. … Neisseria gonorrhoeae. First Documented: 1885. … Streptococcus pyogenes. First Documented: 1884. … More items…•

How do humans use bacteria?

Humans also use bacteria in many other ways, including: Creating products, such as ethanol and enzymes. Making drugs, such as antibiotics and vaccines. Making biogas, such as methane.

What is the scientific name of bacteria?

Trivial name The scientific names for these groups are: genus Lactobacillus (or Lactobacillus spp.), genus Mycobacterium (or Mycobacterium spp.), genus Salmonella (or Salmonella spp.), genus Staphylococcus (or Staphylococcus spp.), genus Streptococcus (or Streptococcus spp.), respectively.

What are some common bacteria?

Bacteria and VirusesCampylobacter.Clostridium perfringens.E. coli.Listeria.Norovirus.Salmonella.

Which bacteria is used in medicine?

In the pharmaceutical industry, bacteria are used to produce antibiotics, vaccines, and medically-useful enzymes. Most antibiotics are made by bacteria that live in soil. Actinomycetes such as Streptomyces produce tetracyclines, erythromycin, streptomycin, rifamycin and ivermectin.

What is the scientific name for humans?

Homo sapiensHuman/Scientific names

What are three examples of bacteria?

Bacteria are the plural of bacterium, which are microscopic one-celled organisms. They are found everywhere and can be harmful, as in infections; or they can be beneficial, as in fermentation or decomposition. Five types of bacteria are: Coccus, Bacillus, Spirillum, Rickettsia, and Mycoplasma.

What are 3 uses of bacteria?

Human Uses of BacteriaFermentation processes, such as brewing, baking, and cheese and butter manufacturing.Chemical manufacturing, such as the production of ethanol, acetone, organic acids, enzymes, and perfumes.Pharmaceuticals, such as the manufacture of antibiotics, vaccines, and steroids.More items…•

What is the first antibiotic?

This year marks the 80th anniversary of the discovery of penicillin, the first naturally occurring antibiotic drug discovered and used therapeutically. It all started with a mold that developed on a staphylococcus culture plate.