Question: Who Ruled India Before The British?

Who found Pakistan?

Muhammad Ali JinnahMuhammad Ali Jinnah (born Mahomedali Jinnahbhai; 25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948) was a barrister, politician and the founder of Pakistan..

Why did British Empire fall?

The First and Second World Wars left Britain weakened and less interested in its empire. Also many parts of the empire contributed troops and resources to the war effort and took an increasingly independent view. This led to a steady decline of the empire after 1945.

How many countries are still under British rule?

14There remain, however, 14 global territories which remain under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom. Many of the former territories of the British Empire are members of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Who found India flag?

Pingali VenkayyaPingali Venkayya (2 August 1876 – 4 July 1963) was an Indian freedom fighter and the designer of the flag on which the Indian national flag was based. He was born at Bhatlapenumarru, near Machilipatnam, in what is now the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

Which was the richest country in 1700?

By 1700, Mughal India had become the world’s largest economy, ahead of Qing China and Western Europe, containing approximately 24.2% of the World’s population, and producing about a quarter of world output. Mughal India produced about 25% of global industrial output into the early 18th century.

Who ruled Britain before independence?

The Norman dynasty established by William the Conqueror ruled England for over half a century before the period of succession crisis known as the Anarchy (1135–1154). Following the Anarchy, England came under the rule of the House of Plantagenet, a dynasty which later inherited claims to the Kingdom of France.

Who Ruled India most?

List of largest empires in IndiaEmpireApproximate maximum extent (Area in km²)Size as percentage of area of Republic of IndiaMaurya Empire5,000,000152%British Raj4,574,000139%Mughal Empire4,000,000122%Gupta Empire3,500,000106%5 more rows

Who found India?

Vasco da GamaChristopher Columbus’ unsuccessful search for a western maritime route to India resulted in the “discovery” of the Americas in 1492, but it was Vasco da Gama who ultimately established the Carreira da India, or India Route, when he sailed around Africa and into the Indian Ocean, landing at Calicut (modern Kozhikode), …

Which country British ruled the most?

IndiaIndia, Britain’s most valuable and populous possession, achieved independence as part of a larger decolonisation movement in which Britain granted independence to most territories of the empire.

How old is India?

approximately 250,000 yearsIndia is home to one of the oldest civilizations in the world. From the traces of hominoid activity discovered in the subcontinent, it is recognized that the area now known as India was inhabited approximately 250,000 years ago.

Which empire killed the most?

The British EmpireThe British Empire (now defunct, or at least reduced) is probably responsible for 100+ million deaths during its 200 year domination of the world.

Who Ruled India first?

Maurya EmpireThe Maurya Empire (320-185 B.C.E.) was the first major historical Indian empire, and definitely the largest one created by an Indian dynasty. The empire arose as a consequence of state consolidation in northern India, which led to one state, Magadha, in today’s Bihar, dominating the Ganges plain.

Was India rich before British rule?

“The fact is that, before 200 years, the British came to one of the richest countries in the world- a country which had 23 per cent of global GDP… A country where poverty was unknown,” Tharoor said. “A country that was the world leader in at least three industries- textiles, steel and ship building.

What was the original name of India?

The official name of the Republic of India was derived from the Sanskrit name ‘Sindhu’ that referred to Indus River. By the time the Persians conquered both, the then Indian subcontinent and Greece in 5th century BCE, ‘Sindhu’ became ‘Hindus’ to mark the ‘land of Hindus’.